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ARCTIC ARCHIPELAGO - The Searchers For Franklin, A List

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M To Arctic Archipelago

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Austin, Horatio Thomas (1801-1865)
  • Austin was a British Naval Officer who first made his reputation when he circumnavigated the Southern Hemisphere; this he did at a young age in 1830. Through the years 1849-51, Austin carried out "successful sledging expeditions along the coasts of several Canadian Arctic islands. (More)

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    George Back (1796-1878)
  • A controversial figure who was with Franklin on two overland trips in the arctic; but one who was decidedly a hero. (More)

    Joseph Banks (1743-1820)
  • "Banks made his name on the 1766 natural history expedition to Newfoundland and Labrador. He took part in Captain James Cook's first great voyage (1768-1771), visiting Brazil, Tahiti, and Australia, returning to immediate fame. He held the position of President of the Royal Society for over 41 years. He advised King George III on the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and by sending botanists around the world to collect plants, he made Kew the world's leading botanical gardens." Wikipedia continues and points out that he was a major supporter of the colonisation of Australia, as well as "the establishment of Botany Bay as a place for the reception of convicts ..."

    John Barrow (1764-1848)
  • Barrow was the Secretary of the Admiralty through the years 1803-45. In this position Barrow oversaw all the early 19th century Arctic voyages up to and including the voyage that John Franklin began in 1845. (More)

    Francis Beaufort (1774-1857)
  • Beaufort was a hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy. He developed a Wind Force Scale and Weather Notation coding, the creator of the Beaufort Scale which measured wind force. He became the Hydrographer of the Navy, and, as such, very much involved with those who ordered out the various naval expeditions in search of Franklin.

    Frederick William Beechey (1796-1856)
  • Beechey, entering the British Navy at the age of 11, had a long and important career. He was an Arctic explorer and was with Franklin at least on one occasion. He tried the North Passage, both from the east and the west. (More)

    Edward Belcher (1799-1877)
  • A British Naval officer, who gained much experience in the seas off of the Pacific coast of North and South America, and the coast of China. In 1852, he was put in charge of a major search expedition in the arctic, which ended in failure. (More)

    Felix Booth (1775-1850)
  • Felex Booth was from a family in London which has been involved in the distillery business since 1740; they became famous for their gin, Booth's gin. Felix became interested in the polar north and the potential North-West Passage; he financed John Ross's expedition of 1829. In the result, a number of places in the arctic were named after him: the Boothia Peninsula, the Gulf of Boothia, the Isthmus of Boothia, Felix Harbour, and Cape Felix, among others.

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    Francis Rawdon Moira Crozier (1796-c.1848)
  • Francis Crozier, as a British naval officer, accompanied Parry in his second, third, and four polar voyages. He carried out other expeditions to both the Arctic and Antarctic. He was with Franklin in his last arctic voyage as Second in Command. He was the Captain of the Terror (Franklin was on the Erebus) (More)

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    Peter Warren Dease (1788-1863)
  • Born on Mackinac Island, at the age of 13, Peter Dease was destined to work in the fur trade. His explorations for the Hudson's Bay Company led him, through the years 1837-9, to lend considerable definition to the northern coasts of North America. He descended both the Mackenzie and the Coppermine Rivers. His overland treks settled a number of questions about the geographical outlines of these far northern parts. (More)

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    James Fitzjames (1813-48)
  • James Fitzjames was Franklin's second in command on the Erebus. Fitzjames entered the navy in 1825 and had an adventurous career up to his appointment to the Erebus in 1845. He has been described as physically fit and strong, and, also highly intelligent. However, he had secrets that haunted him. (More)

    Jane Franklin (1791-1875)
  • Jane was John Franklin's second wife. She was a devoted servant to his fame and fortune; a major driver in the many, long and expensive expeditions to find out what happened to her husband. (More)

    John Franklin (1786-1847)
  • English naval officer, governor and explorer, John Franklin is known to history for his attempt to discover the North-West Passage (1845-8), which ended in disaster and death for 129 men being Franklin and all of his officers and men aboard the Erebus and the Terror. We deal with many of the details of Franklin's life and career dealt with at the core of our larger work, Arctic Archipelago.

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    Graham Gore (c.1808-c.1848)
  • Lieutenant Gore was on the Erebus (under Franklin and Fitzejames). He was a signatory to the original note which had been left in a cairn, found a few years after the loss of Franklin and his men. (More)

    Henry Grinnell (1799-1874)
  • "An American shipping magnate. He was extremely interested in Arctic exploration, and gave financial help to several Arctic expeditions. He provided the ships for the United States Expedition carried out in 1850-51 by Lieut. E. J. de Haven under orders from the Secretary of the United States Navy." (Rae's Arctic Correspondence, 1844-55 (London: The Hudson's Bay Record Society, 1953) fn at p. 243.)

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    Francis Hall (1821-1871)
  • Hall was an American from Cincinnati. His expedition, to see what became of Franklin, lasted more than five years, during which Hall worked out a different approach to most of the other Franklin searchers. (More)

    John Hepburn (1794-1864)
  • Hepburn, much admired by Franklin, was just an ordinary seaman. The best connection he had to Franklin was that on the arctic expedition of 1819-22. (More)

    William Robert Hobson (1831-1880)
  • Hobson was with Francis McClintock when he was put in charge by Lady Franklin and sent out on an expedition in 1857 on the Fox. It is to McClintock and Hobson we may attribute significant finds, ones which answered certain questions as to what happened to Franklin and his men. (More)

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    Elisha Kent Kane (1820-1857)
  • Kane was a medical officer in the United States Navy. He was part of two Arctic expeditions to see what became of Franklin. (More)

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    Francis Leopold McClintock (1819-1907)
  • McClintock, a British naval officer, is credited with being the one who discovered the tragic fate of Franklin. Though he made four voyages to the Arctic Archipelago, McClintock is best known for his fourth voyage which was under the auspices of Lady Jane Franklin. (More)

    Robert John Le Mesurier McClure (1807-1873)
  • McClure, a British naval officer, was with George Back, in 1836, when the Terror sailed forth to search for Franklin. However, McClure is best known for his adventure in 1850 as the Captain of the Investigator. She came in from the west and landed on the northern coast of Banks Island where she became locked in ice. McClure and his crew, fortunately, were rescued. (More)

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    John Rae (1813-93)
  • To the Inuit he met and from whom he learned, he was known as "Inuktitut Aglooka" -- "Long Strider." He was John Rae who first set out to become a medical doctor; and became an explorer of Northern Canada. Rae was the first to report, due to him listening to the Inuit, the fate of Franklin and his men. (More)

    John Richardson (1787-1865)
  • Richardson was a medical officer in the British Navy. He was with John Franklin on the Coppermine Expedition of 1819–1822 and the Mackenzie, 1825-27. In 1847, Richardson went out to search for his old friend. (More)

    James Clark Ross (1800-1862)
  • James Clark Ross, was another British naval officer, of a number, who searched for Franklin in the High Canadian North. By the time Franklin went missing, c. 1846, James Clark Ross had already made his reputation, in both the Arctic and Antarctic. He did, however, go looking for his old friends in 1848, and while he did not come away with any clues, he mapped significant portions of the coasts of the Arctic Archipelago. (More)

    John Ross (1777-1856)
  • John Ross was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer. He made significant voyages to the Arctic Archipelago both in the years of 1818 and of 1829. The Hudson’s Bay Company employed him in a private search expedition in 1850, and, at 72 years of age, John Ross made his third and last voyage into Arctic waters in order to search for John Franklin. (More)

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    Frederick Schwatka (1849-92)
  • Schwatka, an officer of the United States Army, through the years 1878 to 1880, explored the territory in which it was thought the Franklin Expedition was lost. He went overland, together with a contingent of Inuit who showed him how to travel and live off the land. (More)

    George Simpson (1792-1860)
  • Simpson was the Canadian governor of the Hudson's Bay Company through the years, 1820-60. The territory, over which he commanded, covered the whole of Western Canada; no one knew this wilderness areas any better than George Simpson. (More)

    Thomas Simpson (1808-40)
  • Thomas Simpson was an arctic explorer, Hudson's Bay Company agent and cousin of HBC governor George Simpson. For a fuller development of Thomas Simpson's contribution to the exploration of the Arctic Archipelago, see Dease.

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