Blupete's History of Nova Scotia

Significant Historical Happenings: 1753.
In Connection With:
Bk. 1, Pt. 5, Ch. 8. - "The Settlement of Lunenburg" (1753-4).
Bk. 1, Pt. 5, Ch. 9. - "The English Fortify Nova Scotia" (1749-54).

JANUARY, 1753:
§January, 3rd: The Council were to hear at their meeting a lengthy memorial from the "Merchant Traders and Principal Inhabitants of the Town of Halifax" (Joshua Maugher among them) accusing the justices of partiality and other misdemeanors. There were apparently five Justices of the Peace, among them was Charles Morris.

APRIL, 1753:
§April 12th: Claude Gisigash of the LaHeve Indians came to Halifax and entered into a treaty with the same conditions and terms as were entered into with Major Cope's tribe the previous fall.
§In the spring of 1753 Le Loutre returned from France aboard the Bizarre.

JUNE, 1753:
§June, 1753 (between the 7th and the 17th): H.M.S. Torrington arrives at Halifax with additional troops and with despatches.
§May/June: Of seven English sailors, six are killed by Indians at Musquodoboit. The seventh, Anthony Casteel is taken as a prisoner. Casteel, after being taken on a long circuitous route via the Isthmus of Chignecto, was traded off by the Indians at Louisbourg two months later, and shortly thereafter he found his way back to the English establishment at Halifax. [See account of this real life adventure in MacMechan's book, Red Snow on the Grande Pré, at pp. 196-221.]
§June 7th: Approximately 1,500 Germans, the majority of those that had been recruited in the Rhine valley a year or two earlier, step ashore and Lunenburg was founded.

SEPTEMBER, 1753:
§Lawrence, having set up Lunenburg, returns to Halifax. He was to leave Captain Patrick Sutherland behind, who was to remain in charge at Lunenburg for nine or ten years thereafter.
§End of September: Appointments are seen to be made at Halifax (made by the grand jury): Gaugers of Casks (2), Surveyors of Pickled Fish (2), Cullers of Dry Fish (2), Cullers of Hoops and Staves (2), Surveyors of Lumber (2), and Surveyors of Cordwood (3).

OCTOBER, 1753:
§October: Raymond, the French governor at Louisbourg, is relieved and returns to France. (D'Ailleboust takes over as acting governor until the arrival of Drucour in 1754.)

NOVEMBER, 1753:
§November 2nd:The English governor, Hopson sails for England in H. M. S. Torrington; a military man, Charles Lawrence, takes over. Hopson was obliged to give up his post due to medical reasons -- he had serious eye trouble. He had brought a refreshing change to the affairs of Cornwallis. Hopson, having been the last English governor at Louisbourg before the French took it over, had established a good relationship with both governors at Quebec and at Louisbourg.
§November 16th: Two members of the Cape Sable tribe, which consisted of "60 people and two chiefs," arrived at Halifax and appeared before Council. They represented that they had nothing to do with the raids upon the English. "The Council gave them 2000 pounds of bread, 3 barrels of pork, 20 blankets, 30 pounds powder, some shot, tobacco and other articles ..." During the winter of 1753/4, there was no disturbance from the Indians.
§December 15th: "The Hoffman insurrection" at Lunenburg. Monckton is sent down with a body of regular troops to quell the rebellion. Hoffman was brought to Halifax and imprisoned on George's Island. Afterwards he was tried convicted; and sentenced to a fine of £100 and two years imprisonment.


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