Significant Historical Happenings By Year: 1670-72.
§Virginia sends Needham and Arthur inland. (The boss in Virginia at the time was Abraham Wood. Wood wrote an account of these early explorations, a copy of which was sent to John Locke, the philosopher.)
§Spring of 1671: colonists sail over from LaRochelle on the L'Oranger "In 1671 thirty garçons and thirty filles were sent by the king to Acadia ..."[Parkman, Count Frontenac and New France under Louis XIV, FN at p. 353.]
§The 1671 census of Acadia is carried out and it discloses that at Port Royal there are 361 souls, possessed of 580 horned cattle, 406 sheep and 364 acres of land under cultivation. The trade or calling of each male individual is given in this census, and from it we learn there were "a surgeon, a weaver, four coopers, two armourers, a farrier, a mason, and a maker of edge tools."[Calnek, pp. 31-2. Placide Gaudet sets forth the results of this 1671 census in Appendix 'A' in his work on "Acadian Genealogy."]
§The 1671 census shows there was only the one family with five children at St Peter's, Cape Breton; nothing is known of the place thereafter until 1713 when the location, then covered with trees, was reestablished as Port Toulouse.
§By the winter of 1671-72, the smart money in London was backing Radisson and Groseilliers. These Frenchmen were working for the English; wintering over, as they were, at Charles Fort at the mouth of the Rubert River at the south end of James Bay.
§Nicholas Denys publishes his Historique des l'Amérique.
§A native of Port Royal, Jacques (Jacob) Bourgeois (c1620-1701), in 1672, "sold a part of his holdings at Port Royal in order to settle, with his sons Charles and Germain and two of his sons-in-law, in Chignecto Basin, thus becoming the first promoter of settlement in this region; he built a flour mill and a saw-mill there. Hannay points out that Bourgeois was "followed soon afterwards by Pierre Arsenault."[Hannay, p. 213.]
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