Blupete's History of Nova Scotia

Key Events in the History of Nova Scotia: 1774.


§January 21st, Fri:"Capt. Ford arrived yesterday from Boston, bringing a letter and newspapers ... There is a tumult at Boston, occasioned by the East India Company sending quantities of tea to Boston, and other places in America, 342 chests of tea December [18th] last were destroyed by a number of people dressed as savages." (Perkins Diary.)
§At Halifax, town official were appointed, among them: four overseers of the poor, 2 clerks of the market, 2 fence viewers, 2 hog-reeves, and 4 highway surveyors, leather scalers, fish cullers, pickled-fish surveyors, cord-wood surveyors, and cask gaugers.
§April 3rd, Sun: "An extraordibnary gale of wind for some years. ... Several buildings were blown down." (Perkins Diary.)
§The census of 1774 revealed that the population of Nova Scotia to be "17,000 exclusive of the French Acadians, who may amount for about 1,300."
§May 6th: The Albion arrives at Halifax from Hull with Yorkshire Emigrants aboard destined for the Chignecto area. (See, "The Early Settlement of the Chignecto Townships.")
§May 9th: The Two Friends arrives at Halifax from Hull with Yorkshire Emigrants aboard destined for the Chignecto area. (Ditto.)
§June 1st: The Providence arrives at Halifax from Hull with Yorkshire Emigrants aboard destined for the Chignecto area. (Ditto.)
§Prison reform: Due to Howard's work, the British parliament, in 1774, passed two prison reform bills. One provided for fixed salaries for jailers; the other, for enforcing cleanliness.
§In 1774 a number of acts were passed by the British parliament, all of which the colonies thought to be oppressive:
§ Justice Act: It was to protect soldiers, magistrates, and customhouse officers who took part in suppressing riots or other disturbances; and where a rebel was to be tried, on the signature of the governor, the accused was to be shipped to England for his trial.
§ The Boston Port Act: It closed Boston to all shipping until the damages were paid due to the Tea Party.
§ The Massachusetts Government Act: It provided that councilors should no longer be elected by the House of Representatives but should be chosen by the Crown and hold office "for and during the pleasure of his Majesty."
§ The Quebec Act: It extended the borders of Canada so to hem in the colonies and gave to the Catholic French population at Quebec full civil rights which was more than Catholics had in other parts of the British empire.
§ The Quartering Act: It added to the act of 1768, such that the local authorities were to find quarters for troops at the scene of any trouble that should come up.

§September 5th, 1774: The first Continental Congress takes place at Philadelphia.

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